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Term: Lighting

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Lighting is the intentional use of light to achieve certain aesthetic and/or practical effects. A distinction is made between light sources located within the mise en scène as decorative objects (available light) and additional light sources (exterior light) which reinforce available light sources to ensure better control over lighting conditions. Lighting is also of particular importance for the creation of moods, adding further layers of meaning and for highlighting elements of the filmic space. In addition, the use of light and shade often acts as a graphic element itself or sometimes functions as a motion vector to create a harmonic or disharmonic impression or to direct the audience’s attention. For related information, read the entries concerning light quality, cast shadow, attached shadow, three-point lighting, high-key lighting and low-key lighting.

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